longer needed to move to hunt food. People began building permanent buildings and structured communities. People began to feel they belonged to a certain location. Territories began to have definite boundaries. The earliest agricultural city was Catal Huyuk, in modern-day Turkey (Middle East). Population of city may have been as high as 10,000. A channel was cut from a nearby river to irrigate farmland. A major problem for early societies was diseases humans could catch from animals. Over time, humans
Europe and Byzantium fell behind, while China and the Middle East led in technology and the arts of government. But by 1500 Europe had caught up, and after 1700, it led. India had invented Arabic numerals, and Arab thinkers inspired GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Paleolithic Age The earliest period when stone tools were used, from about 1,000,000 to 10,000 B.C.E. From the Greek meaning “old stone.” From Hunter-gatherers to Food-producers- Overcoming Obstacles at myhistorylab.com Read the Document
homogeneity of the goods produced. Homogenous products also indicate that there would have been little motivation to exchange goods. The third sphere, ancestry, is based on the passing down of ancestral rights, material things and memories. In Catal Huyuk, the dead were buried under the floors of houses in towards the northern and eastern sections. It can be seen in the practice of the retrieval and circulation of human skulls and animal parts. Social prestige could have been linked to ancestry.