Catastrophes and Stress

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Ailen Fernandez PSY 102 April 21, 2013 Jones, Jennifer Catastrophes and Stress American Leader Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity” (Martin). Luther King believed that in order for us humans to have a meaningful live we must put aside our personal problems and care about the problems of humanity as a whole. The earthquake of Oakland, California in 1989 is a true example of this quote. As the sirens of ambulances roared through the abolished city thousands of civilians gathered together, taking risks, to help those that were in the borderline of life and death. Learned helplessness,…show more content…
Although the Kelly’s admit to survivors guilt based on their own footage it seems like they could have done more to prevent the tragedy that happen when the other car dumped into the whole. The only thing that Debbie and Thomas Kelly did to warn upcoming light was to put on their flashing light. Debbie took out her recording camera and started to record the gap between the highway, meantime a car was coming and didn’t see the gap crashed in it. Instead of recording Debbie and Thomas should have tried to grab the attention of the drivers so that they wouldn’t have fallen through the road gap. They now experience survivors’ guilt because they survived not crashing into the road gap when the others did (Amaldo, 2004). Survivors’ guilt has been studied in many situations because it is a psychological disorder that affects individuals that have survived a scarring catastrophe. The Holocaust is one of these catastrophes that have left survivors with a sense of guilt. A study done by Gertrude Schneider upon 50 Holocaust survivors demonstrated that some but not all had a sense of survivors’ guilt (Schneider, 1975). Fourteen of the interviewed victims admitted that they felt bad for “being passive victims” and that they would have “preferred to have died honorably” (Schneider, 1975). Others said that there was no way that they could have fought back and prevent them from going through that horrible experience of being in the camps (Schneider, 1975).
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