Categories of Psychotherapy

690 Words3 Pages
An early designation of psychotherapies divided all types of psychotherapy into two major categories: insight-oriented therapy and action-oriented therapy (Woolley, Wampler, & Davis, 2012). This designation was made on the basis of the therapist's main focus in achieving positive change. An insight-oriented therapy focuses on assisting the client develop knowledge or awareness about themselves as a major focus of change. The insight itself leads to positive change in the client. Action-oriented therapies directly focus on changing some behavior as opposed to relying on self knowledge or awareness to facilitate the change. The designation is not mutually exclusive; in all action-oriented therapies some insight is gained and in all insight-oriented therapies there is some direct change of behavior. However, the designation is valid when determining the focus of the therapist regarding the main target of the therapeutic intervention. For example, Experiential Family Therapy attempts to facilitate change by means of a commitment to increasing self-awareness, self-fulfillment, and expression or communication between family members (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2012). Clients are encouraged to examine their feelings, the family cohesiveness, communication patterns, and reducing defensiveness and family members by unlocking levels of experiencing and freeing people from impulsiveness and defensive reactions to one another are the goals. The primary motor of change in experiential
Open Document