Cathedral Analysis Paper: Milan Cathedral

2671 Words Jul 14th, 2018 11 Pages
All over the world, people still come to admire the beauty of European cathedrals. Many of the cathedrals are fragile due to age, neglect, pollution, and insufficient funds available to restore these historical and magnificent buildings. Nevertheless, visitors to these architectural masterpieces are fascinated by the design and structure of these churches. The cathedral builders using their own ingenuity, expertise, and limited resources were able to defy the laws of gravity and time. (Icher 30) There were two main types of architecture during the middle ages, the Romanesque style and the Gothic style. The Romanesque period took place approximately between 1096 and 1270 (the eleventh and twelfth centuries) and the Gothic period took …show more content…
During the time, Italy stood noticeably apart from the rest of the country in its expansion of this Gothic style in the late 13th century ("Italian Gothic"). Italy has always been known for its exquisite cathedrals, but one of the main attractions for European tourists today is the huge and exquisite Gothic cathedral in Milan (Tyler). It is an immense structure that sits in the middle of the city square (Tyler). The Milan Cathedral is thought by Italians to be the only cathedral to be equivalent to Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome (Tyler). It is the largest Gothic cathedral and the second largest Catholic cathedral in the world (Tyler). The Milan Cathedral can comfortably fit 40,000 people and is 157 meters long. Only the Seville Cathedral is larger than the one in Milan (Hayes). The area where the cathedral now stands was originally occupied by the ancient Metropolitan Church of the city under the title Saint Maria Maggiore in 836 (Boldorini 5).The name of the first architect of the Milan cathedral is not exactly known (Boldorini 5). In 1386, Giovanni Galeazzo Visconti, began the restoration project using the Gothic style after severe damage to the building (Benigni). In total, there are 6,000 statues inside and outside the cathedral, with 2,000 of them being a part of the exterior embellishments (Benigni). The design or layout of the interior of the church is that of a Latin cross, and
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