Causation of Female Gang Involvement Essay

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Many years of research have gone into studying why youth turns to gang involvement. A sector of this population has only recently been a focus of any study at all and that is the female. From the authors De La Rue, Espelage research they estimate that female gang membership is anywhere from 10 to 35% of the total gang population (De La Rue, Espelage 2014 pg. 1). There are many pieces that drive females to join the gang lifestyle. There are three major causes that drive females to gang involvement; family influences, relationship drives, and prior victimization. Being born into the gang life proves that nature verses nurture and the family has an impact on what an individual will become. Many things run in families from illnesses,…show more content…
2009. Pg. 278). This shows growing up in a gang the child will associate basically a blood bond between themselves and their gang because of how much of their family is involved. Risk factors that deal with a females family is that it can leave her in a vulnerable state because the men around them take advantage of the females at weaker states. Many of the females who are in gangs have been the victims of many levels of abuse throughout their life and they believe if they turn to gangs for additional support. Conflict within families drives females into the grasps of gangs because the female is looking for a group to protect and provide support for them. From the authors De La Rue, Espelage: “Research specific to female gang members has shown that family risk factors, including poor parental supervision, and high levels of family conflict, have been linked to an increased risk of gang involvement…” (De La Rue, Espelage 2014 pg.3). This quote explains how family conflict can lead into a female being at a higher risk of joining a gang. Conflict with the family can lead a female to want to leave their parents households to be able to have independence from an abuse or rules. A point from the author Fleisher proves that, “Once independent of her family, a youth needs her peer network more than ever. Depending on network dynamics, youth can
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