Cause And Effect Of Smoking

1386 Words Sep 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Smoking via a cigarette is a preventable habit that people develop when they become stressed, feel the need for social acceptance or wanting a satisfaction release of hormones. Cigarettes contain nicotine; a highly addictive group of chemicals that when inhaled spread through the body via the lymphatic system. Smoking has both internal and external repercussions including a depletion in oxygen levels and gangrene respectively. Smoking has been directly related to many types of cancers and ailments including cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD relates to damage of the heart including heart failure, stroke and the build-up of plaque in the arteries.

Approximately one in five people currently living in remote and rural areas suffer from CVD (World Heart Foundation, 2012). A remote and rural area is classified as an area outside of the metropolitan region. Generally, populations in such areas consist of between 5 000 and 100 000 people. (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016). 29 percent of Australians currently live in regional areas and 2.2 percent live in remote areas (Tobacco in Australia, 2016). Due to the large distance from medical facilitates, those living in rural and remote areas have limited access to health care. As a result, they are more likely to smoke, become over weight, drink alcohol in excessive amounts and be physical inactive (Tobacco in Australia, 2016).

A change action framework is a phase used to characterize a spectrum of guiding…
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