Cause And Effect On Smoking

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. One thing that people over 60 can do to make aging a healthier process is to avoid smoking. Smoking on average, decreases a person’s life span by 14 years. Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer (Aldwin & Gilmer, 2013). It is never to late for someone to stop smoking. With smoking cessation, the results are immediate. Those who quit smoking generally experience improvements in breathing and control of high blood pressure. Cessation of smoking brings a rapid reduction in risk of stroke and myocardial infarction and a slower reduction in the risk of cancer (Boston University School of Public Health, 2013). Good cholesterol is lowered in individuals who smoke and chances of atherosclerosis increases in the body due to an increase in blood fibrinogen and viscosity levels, which can lead to blood clots (Aldwin & Gilmer, 2013).
2. As people age, the individual’s energy or caloric needs are less. However, the protein, vitamins and minerals requirements remain constant. Healthy older adults should increase the amount of protein the diet to maintain muscle mass, especially if the person is sick. Overweight individuals should consider lowering fat intake. Also, nutritional intakes should incorporate ample amounts of calcium and vitamins (Aldwin & Gilmer, 2013). The aging person should also consume fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, fruit, and vegetables which will make them feel more energetic and give you fuel to keep going (Saisan, Segal, & White, 2017). “Exercise, a
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