Causes And Consequences Of Sepsis

1574 WordsFeb 15, 20167 Pages
Sepsis, also referred to as blood poisoning is a potentially life threatening complication that results from an infection. These infections, typically caused by bacteria cause chemicals to be released in to the bloodstream in order to fight the infection. As a result, this triggers an inflammatory response throughout the body, which in turn may cause a cascade of changes, which may damage organ systems, causing them to fail. The infection present in the blood in this case becomes systemic, spreading through the body (Abraham, Matthay & Dinarello, et al, 2000). Sepsis may start with any given type of infection from small or minor infections such as a urinary tract infection and abscessed tooth to more serious ones such as meningitis. Septic shock on the other hand is the most severe form of sepsis, and has been associated with high mortality rates. Uncontrolled sepsis results in septic shock, which is largely the result of progressive compromise of various organ systems and the eventual development of multiple organ failure. When sepsis progresses to septic shock, there is a drastic drop of blood pressure, which may cause death. With regards to septic shock, the onset of treatment determines chances of outcome. Whereas early intervention may reduce mortality rates, late septic shock reduces the chances of survival. 2. Etiology One of the most common causes of sepsis is bacterial infection. However, it may also arise from other conditions that may

More about Causes And Consequences Of Sepsis

Open Document