Causes And Effects Of Child Abuse

889 Words4 Pages
Throughout the United States, there is nothing rare about child abuse being brought to the attention of Social Workers and other human services professionals. Maltreatment of children can come in multiple forms, and affect children in a multitude of ways, but this overview will specifically focus on child abuse. The National Children’s Alliance (NCADV) (2015), indicated almost 4 out of 5 (78.1%) abused children are abused by their parents. Close to 700,000 children experience abuse annually. Smith, Robinson, and Segal (Smith, Robinson, & Segal, 2017) found that all forms of child abuse scar children throughout life, both emotionally and physically. These women found abused children experience lack of trust and relationship difficulties, feelings of being worthless, and trouble regulating emotions among others. There are a multitude of risk factors which can indicate possible abuse including but not limited to domestic violence, substance abuse, untreated mental illness, lack of parenting skills, stress and lack of support. The causes and effects of child abuse vary for each case. Statistics have shown 60% of perpetrators of sexual abuse are known to the child, but are not members of the family. There is no specific background which tends to produce perpetrators or the victims. Close to 14% of abusers will reoffend, and when they do it is more often not sexual or violent (2016). Child abuse has been a social problem in need of addressing for years and will
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