Causes And Effects Of Reconstruction

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The American Civil War ends in 1865 with a union victory, however while the fighting is over conflicts continued after the war in the ever known as Reconstruction (1865-1877). Some people might think that reconstruction was the process of only rebuilding all the buildings in the South that were destroyed during the war. However, reconstruction is only meant to bring the country back together economically, socially, and politically after the Confederate secession. Although the nation faced many difficulties in bringing the country back together, however reconstruction was successful on only some of the major problems. The union victory in the civil war may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but by doing so it brought many problems in the social system and reconstruction failed to solve them. The 1863 Emancipation proclamation freed slaves in the confederate states, however all slaves were not free until the ratification of the 13th Amendment shortly after the war. Southern legislators passed black codes which forced freed slaves to work for the lowest wages and rent off former slave owners land. Reconstruction was a failure because almost all those free slaves were homeless and starving. Congress created the Freedmen’s Bureau on March 3rd, 1865 because many freedmen were unskilled, without property or money, and have little knowledge on how to survive as a free people. It provided clothing, medical care, food, and education for them. However, the Bureau expired
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