Causes And Main Characteristics Of Down Syndrome

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PROJECT 2 1) CAUSES AND MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF DOWN SYNDROME Human cells normally contain 23 pairs of chromosomes one in each pair comes from the father and the mother. Down syndrome results when abnormal cell division involving chromosome 21 occurs. These cell division abnormalities result in extra genetic material from chromosome 21 which is responsible for the characteristics features and development problems of Down syndrome. Trisomy 21 – about 95% of the time Down Syndrome is caused by Trisomy 21, where the child has three copies of Chromosome 21 (instead of the usual two copies) in all cells. This is caused by abnormal cell division during the development of the sperm cell or the egg cell (Flood, 2013) 2) LEARNING PROFILE OF CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME: All people with Down syndrome are not equally delayed in all areas but they do experience some delay in their development. They can make progress in one area and slow down in another. The areas of weakness can be speech and language delay, numbers, visual impairments, short term memory, movement control (motor skills) Difficulty in processing and retaining information presented orally. 3) FACTORS OF POSITIVE INTEREST The learning profile of James will interact with his own family learning traits together with the care and education and his social interactions with family and friends. James would need a visual teaching approach, using concrete and practical materials. A work station may be helpful where he could

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