Causes And Prevention Of Cerebral Palsy

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Introduction Cerebral Palsy is used to define a group of neurological disorders that indefinitely affect an individual’s motility and muscle coordination as well as impair their communication and their cognition (Granild-Jensen 931). Affecting approximately 2 out of every 1,000 live births, Cerebral Palsy remains “the most common cause of motor impairment in children” (Granild-Jensen 931). Despite how commonplace it is, there is currently no cure. While it can have a variety of adverse effects, measures can be taken to treat and manage them so that patients may live a relatively normal life. Causes and Prevention Although Cerebral Palsy is described as a loss of motor function, it is actually a disorder of the brain and results from sustained damage, typically on a developing fetal brain. The disorder itself can vary depending on the “timing of the lesion, the clinical presentation, and the site and severity of the impairments” (Colver 1240). This means that the stage of development that is in progress when damage occurs can alter the outcomes of the disorder. It is important to note that every case of cerebral palsy is exclusive to a patient. Someone who has a milder case for example may only suffer from sporadic muscle spasms and contractions. Others may suffer from a form that induces epilepsy and scoliosis or might cause complete or partial paralysis. While most individuals who have the condition are born with it, it is difficult to ascertain the exact cause in most
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