Causes And Treatment Of Malaria

2381 Words Nov 27th, 2014 10 Pages
The treatment of malaria is governed by a variety factors which determine the ability to successfully eradicate this disease. It is important to treat malaria as soon as possible if experiencing the related symptoms. Identifying the species of parasite is a major factor when deciding the correct treatment to use, the location of infection is equally important as well. In certain areas of the world, treatment with antimalarial drugs has become ineffective due to resistance of the parasite. Therapy with antimalarial drugs is the lone treatment that will successfully eliminate the disease. These can be administered as a monotherapy, where resources are limited, and as a more effective combination therapy. In most cases administration is either by oral doses or continuous intravenous infusion. Adverse drug reactions and allergic responses are general determinants for therapy of malaria. The primary treatment for the majority of malaria species is chloroquine. It is known to show resistance to both P. falciparum and p. vivax parasitic infections of malaria. Its popularity stems from being widely available and relatively low cost, less than 15% the cost of the least expensive alternative agents. It is administered at a controlled-rate intravenous infusion given over a period of three days; and can also be given as intramuscular or subcutaneous administration. Chloroquine became universal therapy for malaria during World War II. During the 1950’s the first cases of resistant…
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