Causes And Treatment Of Sickle Cell Anemia

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Introduction
Approximately 70,000-100,000 Americans have sickle cell anemia, the most common form of an inherited blood disorder that causes the production of abnormal hemoglobin, a protein that attaches to oxygen in the lungs and carries it to all parts of the body.1 Sickle cell anemia is a inherited disorder which causes the manifestation of unreliable hemoglobin resulting unevenly shaped red blood cells, recognized as "sickle cells." People with sickle cell disease have red blood cells that have mostly hemoglobin S, an irregular type of hemoglobin opposite of what a person has without this disease. Sometimes these red blood cells become sickle-shaped like a moon crescent and have difficulty passing through small blood vessels under
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In the United States, 1 in 400 African-American newborns have the disease; other people affected include Hispanics, people of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern descent, and Asians. 2 Sickle cell anemia exists at birth, but sometimes many infants don 't show any signs or symptoms until after 4 months of age or older.
Someone who inherits only one sickle cell gene and a normal gene from the other parent will have the sickle cell trait, but not the disease. People with sickle cell trait don 't have sickle cell disease and typically don 't show signs of the disorder, but they can pass the gene for the disease to their children and etc. Even thought sickle cell disease can cause severe health complications, some of these can be life-threatening. In other words people with sickle cell does not live as long compared to people who do not have this disease.

Symptoms

Symptoms of sickle cell disease may differ from person to person as well differ from mild to severe. Some of the symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, coldness of hands and feet rapid heart rate, delayed growth and puberty, weakness to infections, ulcers on the lower legs, jaundice, attacks of abdominal pain, joint pain, fever, vomiting, bloody urination, excessive thirst,
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