Causes And Treatments Of Breast Cancer

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WHAT IS CANCER? Cancer can be said to be a generic term for a large collection of diseases that can have an effect on any part of the body, it can be sometimes called malignant tumors and neoplasms. In other words, cancer can be defined as the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their normal boundaries, which are capable of invading adjoining parts of the body and spread through to the organs. However, this process is referred to as metastasis, which is the major cause of death from cancer (NHS, 2015). WHAT IS BREAST CANCER? Breast cancer is a disease that starts when cells start to grow out of control. These cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and spread to other areas of the body. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that originates in the breast cells. Malignant tumor is a group of cells that develop into (invade) nearby tissues or extend (metastasize) to remote areas of the body. In addition, breast cancer is most common in women however it is possible that it can be present in a man (American cancer society, 2015). WHAT ARE THE GENES INVOLVED IN HEREDITARY BREAST CANCER? The human body is made up of millions of cells containing a certain amount of genes. A single individual inherits two copies of genes, one each from both parents. Genes tend to act like a set of instructions that helps and control the growth of the body. A variation from these set of instructions on the growth pattern by the genes is called a mutation (or change).
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