Causes, Background And Environmental Effects

1008 Words Apr 28th, 2015 5 Pages
Causes, Background and Environmental Effects
In an article by Ehlers and Clark (2000), they discussed the definition and contributing factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Post-traumatic stress disorder is a reaction that occurs in extreme cases following trauma that threatens one’s life or puts them in serious danger. While PTSD is classified as an anxiety disorder, which is generally in response to an impending threat, patients with PTSD have problems with memories for events that have already occurred (citation). Because of its classification as an anxiety related disorder, it is often described as the perception of a current threat since the corresponding trauma had already occurred. In patients with persistent or chronic PTSD, the trauma and the threat that they perceive is not seen as a time-limited event and their daily lives can be interrupted with flashbacks at any time. Patients with PTSD are often generally seen as more negative and they perceive all or most subsequent events following their trauma as negative to some degree. It is also common for patients with PTSD to overgeneralize their concepts of fear following trauma and tend to consider themselves as a reason for the event and a target for future similar events. Another concept that effects those with PTSD is the fact they cannot induce their own memories. When prompted to recall memories of the traumatic event, victims also state things that are out of order and they leave out both…
Open Document