Causes Of Crime : Theory Reflection

1680 Words Apr 24th, 2016 7 Pages
Causes of Crime: Theory Reflection
There are rarely simple answers when it comes to human behavior. Criminological theories have evolved greatly over the years as new measuring tools have become available, more communication pathways available for researchers to work together, and as the world has changed and advanced in numerous ways. The platform of criminal theories has evolved from primarily focusing on the individual, to looking towards the environmental and social influences, and on to encompass a combination of theories that looks at the many variables within and around individuals. Here I will discuss what I believe are some less relevant theories that attempt to explain crime and their policy implications and then discuss some of the most viable theories from which potentially effective policies can be generated in preventing crime.
The routine activities theory suggests that if the opportunity exists, then some individuals will take advantage and commit crimes, as it argues that everyone has the potential to commit crime (Bernard, Snipes, & Gerould, 2010, p. 26). It also argues that people have choices as to whether or not they put themselves in certain situations where they could become a victim of criminal behavior (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 26). Supporters of this theory suggest that if we create policies that remove those opportunities and provide oversight then those individuals will not commit crime. For example, commercial businesses that install good…

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