Hi my name is Dr. Allen and I am from the Pediatric Orthopedic Department. Today I want educate you on the most common diseases and conditions that we see here in this department. Our first condition we will discuss is Kyphosis (curvature of the spine). Kyphosis (curvature of the spine) is a condition in which the curve in the spine is measuring 50 degrees or greater. Kyphosis (curvature of the spine) can be congenital (present at birth) or it can be something that develops later in life. If a child is not born with the curvature in the spine, the cause of Kyphosis (curvature of the spine), can be a number of things ranging from Spina bifida (split spine), Osteogenesis
Spina bifida is a birth condition characterized by the incomplete development of the spine. Many students with spina bifida are able to be educated in the general education classes. There are three different types of spina bifida and can have diverse medical and academic problems. Many students with spina bifida do not stand out from other students. A student with spina bifida will often need crutches, braces, or a wheelchair. Many of the students will also be cathererizated and will need a nurse to help with the self-catheterization. Most students with spina bifida will have average intelligence and tend to be proficient is reading and spelling. Difficulties may surface in retention of information, organization, reasoning, and impulsivity.
Spina Bifida literally means “split spine”. It is the most common permanent disabling birth defect in the United States. It happens when the brain, spinal cord do not completely develop. It is the most common neural tube defect in the United States- affecting 1500 to 2000 of more than four million babies in each year. An estimate shows 166,000 individual lives with Spina Bifida in the United States. I choose this disorder because many people do not about the effects, causes, symptoms and treatments about the disorder and I wanted to know more about spina bifida.
Children can go under go a countless amount of surgeries to help them work through spina bifida, however it is almost impossible for the child to get through their lives without symptoms going unnoticed. There are many different stages of spina bifida going from minor symptoms like a limp in their walk to being pretty much completely paralyzed. There have been many famous people with spina bifida such as athletes, actors, writers, and more. By sharing these famous people with children with spina bifida it will help them look at life more positively. There are ways that parents can have a better chance at avoiding spina bifida, however there is no way to completely get rid of the chances of the child having the disease. Before scientists went into research on spina bifida the children were not likely to live past a year. Spina Bifida is a horrific birth defect, and hopefully with continuing studies spina bifida average rate will continue to
Spina Bifida is the most common permanently disabling birth defect in the United States. Spina Bifida happens when a baby is in the womb and the spinal column does not close all the way.There are four types of Spina Bifida, Occulta, Closed Neural tube defects, Meningocele, and Myelomeningocele. Spina Bifida Occulta is one or more vertebrae are not properly formed. In Closed Neural tube defects it consists of a diverse group of defects in which the spinal cord is marked by malformations of fat, bone, or meninges. Meningocele is spinal fluid and meninges protrude through an abnormal vertebral opening. And Myelomeningocele is the most severe and occurs when the spinal cord/neural elements are exposed through the opening in the spine, resulting
"Spina bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect, it happens if the spinal column of the fetus does not close completely during the first month or pregnancy, that can damage the nerves and spinal cord" (U.S National Library Medicine, 2014). Spina bifida's symptoms are defending on how severe the defect is. Children with mild form of spina bifida do not have any problems. According to WebMD, children with the most severe form often, have spine, and brain issues that cause serious problems (2014). Scientists believed that spina bifida is caused by a condition of genetic and environmental factors such as the mother's nutrition. "The long-term problems associated with spina bifida are; bowel problems, hydrocephalus surgery, muscles
Spina bifida is a lifelong disability that affects the spinal column. In regards to childhood speech and language disorders, spina bifida affects different people in various ways. Although spina bifida is a disorder affecting the spinal cord, certain types may affect speech and language development, which may require speech therapy depending on the severity. Evaluation tools and methods are used to determine those individuals in need of speech therapy. Once evaluations have been administered individuals receiving proper treatment can hope to achieve age appropriate or at least functional language skills.
Although the exact causes are not known for sure, scientists believe there are both genetic and environmental factors that cause spina bifida. The fetus could have
Spina bifida is a nervous system disorder that takes place during the first month of pregnancy. It looks like a sac on the infants back, varying in size. In some cases, a part of the spinal cord and nerves can be enclosed in the sac. This can cause physical and neurological damage to the infant, the severity depends on the size and area of opening or if the spinal cord and nerves are affected.
Spina bifida, a type of birth defect meaning, “cleft spine” affects many babies around the globe in that their neural tube incorrectly closes and affects their spinal cord and brain. The three most common types of spina bifida are spina bifida occulta, meningocele, and myelomeningocele—in the order of least to the most debilitating. The birth defect is most commonly diagnosed with the Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein blood test, as well as other tests. The complications occurring with the most severe case of spina bifida include meningitis and the Chiari II malformation. Spina bifida can be treated with a wide variety and number of surgeries such as prenatal surgery, as well as prevented by intake of folic acid. The birth defect, spina
Spina bifida is a skeletal system disease and birth defect in which the neural tube fails to close properly during the first five weeks of pregnancy. Since the neural tube failed to close, the child will have damage to the nerves, spinal cord, and brain that varies in severity. Although the disease has declined since 1982, there has not been a significant decline and the disease has relatively stayed at the same percentile over the last several years. When I was born, I had a hole above my anus, where the end of my spinal cord is, that was no larger than the tip of a pen, but was still noticeable. After tests were conducted, it appeared to the doctors that I was almost a spina bifida newborn and that my neural tube barely closed in time for the developmental process, which is why this disease is so appealing to me.
Scoliosis is a disease that affects the spine. There are many people that have spine problems, but with scoliosis a person will have a curved spine. Studies show that it is more common to diagnose someone in their younger years. Scoliosis usually occurs in the thoracic area and the lumbar region. Doctors will look at specific criteria to diagnose a patient and move onto possible treatments.
Scientists do not know why spina bifida occurs in newborns, but they do believe it is caused by a variety of factors during the first few months of the pregnancy. These factors include radiation, genetic mutations, the use of drugs or alcohol, etc. Doctors can identify this disorder before the baby is born with the help of an ultrasound. The ultrasound would show the small incision in
Congenital abnormalities occur during a fetus’s development before birth. In the United States, about three to four percent of babies are born with some sort of congenital abnormality. Spina bifida is the most common congenital abnormality, occurring in about one in every one thousand births. Spina bifida happens when the spinal bones do not close properly during formation. Spina bifida can be seen in a newborn by a small sac located on the spine. Surgery must be done within the first few days of the infant’s life in order to remove the sac. The sac contains spinal fluid and damaged nerves, but little can be done to repair the damaged nerves.
Some also have a curvature of the neck and spine, which is called scoliosis, as described before. This forms in a child in their developmental stages during childhood that can cause problems with breathing later in their life, if not monitored and treated appropriately. These changes in the spine and neck may also increase the risk of serious spinal cord damage or even clubfoot. Clubfoot is a hip joint deformity in which the upper leg bones turn inward causing the person to have an extremely hard time walking and doing other activities including most sports, or even standing for long periods of