Causes and Effects of Adult Obesity Essay

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Introduction Although many individuals are uncertain about the increasing statistics associated with obesity, more than seventy percent of men and virtually sixty-two percent of women within the United States adult population are overweight or obese (Wilmore, Costill, & Kenney). Obesity refers to the condition of having an excessive amount of body fat. If an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too excessive, he/she is at a much greater risk of developing life-altering diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, etc. (Wilmore, et al., 2008). Heart failure is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes too weak to maintain an adequate cardiac output to meet the body’s…show more content…
Overweight is often misinterpreted as obesity, but it has been proven that individuals such as bodybuilders and professional athletes can be overweight yet they do not suffer from obesity. Obesity refers to just excessive body fat whereas overweight refers to excessive body weight including water, bone, fat, and muscle. A certain amount of fat is needed to store energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions, but when men reach more than twenty-five percent body fat, and women reach more than thirty percent they are considered obese. A person’s body mass index (BMI) is measured by dividing body weight in kilograms by the square of body height in meters (Wilmore, et al., 2008). Individuals who suffer from obesity often experience various symptoms such as difficulty sleeping, sleep apnea, shortness of breath, gallstones, depression, and skin problems. Sleep apnea happens when an individual experiences irregular breathing patterns or even loss of breath during sleep. Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside the gallbladder. They appear in many different sizes and shapes. Some gallstones may be the size of a sand crystal whereas others may be the size of a golf ball. Depression simply refers to a feeling of overwhelming sadness and a sense of hopelessness. In addition to obesity leading to other health problems, obesity stems from numerous causes such as genetic, environmental, and sociological factors. Other
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