Causes and Solutions to the Problem of Child Labor

922 Words Apr 16th, 2013 4 Pages
Every year on 12 June, people around the world celebrate the World Day against Child Labour, a day dedicated to the goal of creating a world in which children everywhere can grow up without the threat of being forced into child labor. An estimated 246 million children are engaged in child labor, with nearly 70 percent of them (about 171 million) working in hazardous conditions, including work in mines and quarries, work with chemicals and pesticides or with dangerous machinery. “Children as young as five are forced to spend long hours doing back-breaking labor, often in harsh weather and without access to health care,” UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman said. “Children mining rock, gold, coal, diamonds and precious metals in Africa, …show more content…
EDUCATION
Children need to learn how to read and write. They need social and professional skills that only school and a nurturing environment can provide. Some countries have compulsory schooling and some provide free public schooling. However, in many countries, particularly for those where structural adjustment lending has led to the privatization of schools-the cost of teaching, books, and uniforms makes it impossible for children to get an education. Furthermore, for education to become a solution to child labor, schools must be located close to where these children live. Education must be free and compulsory up until the minimum legal age for employment.
LABOR LAWS
Most countries have laws against child labour; however, some governments support child labor (regardless of existing laws) as a way of gaining a competitive advantage in the economic market. Preventing children from working is not necessarily the best solution; children may end up in worse situations and their families may become even poorer. Some NGOs fight to protect working children by providing them with information on their rights or by guaranteeing them safer working conditions. Other NGOs help children in the transition from work to school by building centers where they are provided with healthcare and a tailored education. The children leave these centers only when they have learnt to be independent.
CHILD TRAFFICKING