Causes and Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

1211 WordsJan 30, 20185 Pages
As time has progressed, light has been shed on the causes and symptoms of mental disorders. Like many mental disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder was once linked to dissociation with religious beliefs. In the seventeenth century OCD was seen as a symptom of being isolated from religion and religious practices. It wasn’t until the nineteenth century that obsessive-compulsive disorder began to be recognized as a mental disorder unrelated to religion. The route to this recognition began as stated by Koran (2007) by distinguishing obsessions from delusions and compulsions from impulsions. The source of the disorder, however, was still a matter to be argued on. The idea that OCD was a result of any level of insanity was disregarded after the mid-eighteen hundreds. For the most part, French psychiatrists believed it was a result of an emotional distress and “volitional” defects but not before placing it in a very broad spectrum of many other phobias we see today. German Psychiatrists, on the other hand, associated OCD with an issue on the intellectual level and as Magnan (1835-1916) put it, OCD was the “psychosis of degeneration.” In 1877, OCD finally got its name when Westpahal used the term Zwangsvorstellung to describe the disorder. Since the term translated to “obsession” in Great Britain and “compulsion” in the United States, a compromise was made and the disorder became known as obsessive-compilsive disorder. Later in the nineteenth century, Pierre Janet suggested

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