Causes of Plastic Surgery Mishaps

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Causes of Plastic Surgery Mishaps
Jill Ayala
Eng 101
May 29, 2011
Linda O’Connor

2 Plastic surgery has become an obsession in the United States in the past 10 years. More than 13.1 million procedures were performed in 2010 in the United States, up 2% from 2009 (American Society of Plastic Surgeons, 2010). Today’s society places a great deal of emphasis on physical appearance and people are striving to change their appearance, no matter what the cost. More and more people are seeking out plastic surgery as a means of improving their appearance. While most people are satisfied with their results, all surgery carries risks and there are several causes for plastic surgery to have bad outcomes. Patients are going into
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Some medications interact with the anesthetics administered during the surgery process and can cause devastating consequences. If a patient has ever had any abnormal bleeding or clotting problems the surgeon needs to know. Certain medications can be given to control bleeding during the surgery and promote clotting for quicker healing and to help reduce any scar tissue. Prior to undergoing plastic surgery it is important that the patient be in good physical health so that any risks are minimal. Patients who smoke should stop at least two weeks prior to having plastic surgery. The nicotine in cigarettes restricts blood flow and impairs the healing process. Smokers have a higher incidence of necrosis because there is decreased oxygen supply and blood vessel constriction. Necrosis is the loss of skin and tissue resulting in ugly noticeable scars. Often smokers have a “smokers cough.” Chronic coughing after plastic surgery can cause stitches to rip and incisions to open. If a patient’s incision opens after surgery the patient’s risks of infection increase 70% (Dr. Hoenig, 2004). Plastic surgery is not just for the rich and famous anymore. In 2010 more than half of Americans approved of plastic surgery and contemplated having some sort of plastic surgery procedure performed on them(American Board of Plastic Surgery, 2010). The
pressure people feel to have the perfect body has resulted in some patients traveling overseas to seek out surgeons who

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