Essay on Causes of World War I

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World War One, also known as “The Great War” and “The First Modern War” was a very large scale war lasting over four years, involving nations from around the world and ultimately killing more than twenty million people. The cause of this war cannot be accredited to one single event but rather an assassination of a nation’s leader and many political philosophies including militarism, nationalism, imperialism and the formation of alliances. On Sunday June twenty-eighth 1914 in Sarajevo Bosnia the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Francis Ferdinand, was shot and killed by an eighteen year old Bosnian Serb nationalist by the name of Gavrilo Princip. It is said that princip was a member of a secret terror society whose main goal was to untie…show more content…
Many European nations had colonies which helped to gather raw materials from foreign places and extend their rule among others. France and Britain had many colonies in parts on north Africa and Asia but Germany and Italy did not. They wanted to be a colonial empire as well fueling the fight for colonies among these four nations. The alliances of this war are what made it a “World War”. Before the war there were two main alliances and they were the Triple Alliance consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente which had Britain, France and Russia. This all changed when Ferdinand was murdered. Austria declared war on Serbia, causing Russia to declare war on Austria. Through Germany’s ties with Austria they then declared war on Russia. France had previously agreed to help Russia so Germany declared war on France. Later when Germany invaded Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany due to its ties with Belgium. Italy then eventually joined Britain, France and Russia. America was later brought into the war in 1917 by its connections with England. So during the war the alliance systems changed to the Central Powers consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire and the Allied Powers which were Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, United States and, Japan to a small degree. World War one was very different from previous wars for many reasons some of

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