Essay on Causes of World War I

998 Words 4 Pages
The first World War lasted four years, from 1914 to 1918. It was the most destructive War that had ever happened in History. It killed about 8½ million people and wounded 20 million more! It destroyed empires and economies and changed the whole of Europe. How had this happened? There are many reasons that contributed to the outbreak of War. There were long and short term causes. These included rivalry between Germany and Britain, tension in Austria-Hungary and Franco Prussian Empire. The assassination at Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Countess Sophie, heir to Austria-Hungarian Throne by a Bosnian Serb was just one cause - the spark that set alight the tensions of Europe at the beginning of the 20th Century.

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Britain spent a lot of money for military service and it increasing dramatically in some years. In 1914 they spent $8.23 million for each capital! Of course, Germany spent a lot of money for the navy because they did not want Britain to be the most powerful country. Between 1870 and 1914 their military money increased to by over $5 million. Of course all the other countries tried to have more for competition and they were scared if they got attached and had less, they would lose. Where did the money come from? Hard workers. This affected the War because when one country has power, as in weapons, then the others do too because otherwise they will, first of all loose, and second of War is competitive, everyone wants to be the best and win.

Another cause was Nationalism. Austria-Hungary, Britain and Russia all had different colonies in their country. The worst was Austria-Hungary because they had the greatest amount of colonies. The government only spoke one language so first of all they partly did not understand each other and secondly they had their own government styles and own rules. Then, each colony started having their own religion, their own language and their own way of doing things. They started doing their own things. This lead to two problems:
1. He could not talk to his citizens because most of them spoke little or none of the language he spoke so there was a huge communication problem.
2. The colonies did not obey their empire and did

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