Causes of World War II Essay

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Causes of World War II When Hitler came to power in 1933 he made several of actions that some years later lead to war. These actions were re-armament, leaving the league of nations, re-militarism of the Rhineland, the spanish civil war, the lightning war and the alliances with Italy and Japan. Hitler's aims were clear, he wanted lebensraum (living space) in order to gain self-sufficiency, wanted to abolish the treaty of Versailles and revenge for those who signed it. And some years after he seized power it was clear he wanted to dominate the whole of Europe and the rest of the world. The Second World War was caused by Fascist aggression and the failure of democratic powers to stop this…show more content…
By 1935 rearmament was well underway. This involved conscription and munitions factories. Rearmament alarmed the French who, feeling insecure, reinforced the Maginot line (built between 1929 and 1934). This was a line of steel and concrete fortifications stretching from Belgium to Switzerland, Germany would be able to avoid it and invade France via Belgium. France remained passive without Britain's support. Britain was sympathetic towards Germany and even signed an Anglo German naval Treaty (June 1935) allowing Germany's navy to be 35% of the size of the Royal Navy. Hitler used his new found arms to support Franco in the Spanish Civil War (1936-9) Hitler sent the Condor Legion of the Luftwaffe to bomb Guernica on 26th April, 1937. Guernica was razed to the ground and Franco went on to conquer the Basque areas of Spain. Hitler had used Spain as a practice ground. Having broken the Treaty of Versailles once, Hitler risked doing it a second time by marching 30,000 troops into Rhineland on 7th March 1936. France, with 250,000 troops mobilised, remained passive because Britain would not support her. To show that his remilitarization was popular, Hitler held a plebiscite, which showed that 98.8% were

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