Causes of the American Civil War Essay

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Abraham Lincoln, President of the North and Jefferson Davis, President of the South were both from the state of Kentucky (PBS). The Civil War was one of the bloodiest wars ever and it was a very important five years in American history. The Civil War was caused by sectionalism, lifestyle, secession, and slavery, was impacted by Southern and Northern leaders, was fought in many battles and as a result started the Reconstruction era in America. Two of the leaders in the South were Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee and in the North the Union was led by Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. Some of the major battles during the Civil War were Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Appomattox. The Civil War was caused by four main things.…show more content…
The North had large cities and was based on factories and mills. The South had few large cities and needed slaves to do hard agriculture work such as cotton. Slaves made up one-third of the population in the South. After many things that happened the South felt the only option was secession. One of the actions that caused secession was the election of Abraham Lincoln. The South feared when Lincoln was elected he would outlaw slavery. By February 1861 six states had seceded from the Union (Wise). Lifestyle and secession was a cause of the Civil War due to the division it created between the North and South. Lifestyle and secession were two main causes of the start of the Civil War. The last main cause of the Civil War was slavery. The Missouri Compromise was an important decision as it created a boundary line for new states that entered. The boundary line said if you were above the line you were a free state and if you were below you were a slave state. The Compromise of 1850 went against this as it said California would be free, Washington D.C. would outlaw slavery, and New Mexico and Utah can determine to be free or slave state. The next act passed on this topic was the Kansas-Nebraska Act. It said any new state entering the Union could decide to be free or slave. All of the going back and forth caused turmoil which eventually led to the start of the Civil War. Dred Scott was another issue of slavery.

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