Causes of the English Civil War

2258 Words Sep 18th, 2010 10 Pages
What caused the English Civil War?

The English Civil War took place from 1641 to 1651, and involved a series of conflicts between the parliamentarians lead by Oliver Cromwell, and the royalists. The causes of the English Civil War covered a number of years. The reign of Charles I had seen a marked deterioration in the relationship between Crown and Parliament. This breakdown may well have occurred as early as 1625. There were both short term and long term causes for the civil war, which included; the kings negative attitude towards parliament and parliamentarians, the fact that the royals had less money available then their rivals, and finally, the King’s marriage to a French catholic princess, which caused a threat to the Church of
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Even so, ship money was a financial success for Charles.
England had general money problems in the 1620's to 1640's. Charles should have set a better example to his people with regards to spending. Charles spent a great deal of money on works of art by Rubens and Van Dyck which didn’t go down well the public.

After Charles tried to change the way Scots followed their religion they invaded in 1639. Parliament refused to finance the War due to their objection to two of Charles’s closest advisors who they believed were abusing their authority and power. Charles dismissed Parliament after it had sat for just three weeks. This was followed by the English forces being defeated in several areas of the north. As Charles was short of money to fight the Scots, he had no choice but to recall Parliament in 1640 as only they had the necessary money needed to fight a war and the required authority to collect extra money. Charles also had to later pay the Scottish war expenses. In return for the money and as a display of their power, Parliament called for the execution of the Earl of Strafford who was known as “Black Tom Tyrant”. Strafford was one of the main advisors of Charles, who attempted to get Strafford released from the Tower but failed. On May 12th 1641 Strafford was executed after he was tried for treason and charged with planning to use his Irish army to defeat Parliament. The loss of his closest advisors caused Charles resentment and eroded his power, as

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