Causes of the French Revolution

991 WordsApr 22, 20074 Pages
For six of the eight causes of revolution, describe two events, actions or beliefs (evidence) during the years before the French Revolution that led to a developing revolutionary situation. Explain how each contributed to the revolutionary situation. Frances failed attempts at economic reform contributed heavily to the developing revolutionary situation. In August 1787, when the parlements refused to implement the Kings proposed changes to the financial system, it became clear that the Kings authority was weakening. The parlements rejected these reforms, arguing that only the nation, assembled through an Estates-General had the right to determine the need for tax reform. Its position was clearly stated: "The constitutional principal of…show more content…
For the urban workers, crop failures meant rises in food prices and more peasant workers moving into towns and competing for employment. Bread riots in the cities called on the King to control prices so that poor people could buy bread. The state of bankruptcy in the French Economy was a major factor causing the revolutionary situation. In 1786 Calonne noted that "…it is impossible to tax further, ruinous to be always borrowing and not enough to confine ourselves to measures of economy…ordinary ways are unable to lead us to our goal…the only effective remedy, the only means of managing finally to put the finances truly in order, must consist in reviving the entire state by recasting all that it unsound in its constitution" It is evident that France was in a state of financial crisis and could not have continued without major reform. Expenditure was much higher than income, nearly half the income for the following year had already been spent in advance, by taking out short term overseas loans. This state of Frances bankruptcy contributed directly to the revolution. The erosion of confidence in the government directly contributed to the revolutionary situation. All three estates were generally losing confidence in the King at the time leading up to revolution. All estates mentioned in the relevant cahiers that major decisions such as tax reforms and overseas loans should be agreed to by the Estates General, rather than by the King alone. This is evident in
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