Causes of the French Revolution Essay

1042 Words 5 Pages
The French Revolution was incited by a variety of reasons. At the time, the government was in a serious deficit resulting in great taxations. They had spent huge sums of money on the French and Indian War, and the king and nobility consumed much money to keep up with their lavish lifestyles. In addition, there was a severe economic depression at the time. In areas of agriculture, manufacturing, and trade, there were great downturns. Also, revolutionary ideas were instilled within the people during the Enlightenment. Together, the financial condition of the government, the economic depression, and the Enlightenment ideas played a pivotal role in causing the French Revolution. In the late 1800s, the condition of the French government was …show more content…
They were against taxation without representation. In the government, the third estate was only given one vote and was always overruled by the first two estates despite the fact they made up ninety-seven percent of the population. The third estate wrote complaints regarding taxing, the king, and voting in the estates general in a list called the Cahiers (Document 3). When King Louis XVI failed to take action after receiving the list, the third estate called itself the National Assembly and tried to work for the welfare of France. They made a pledge called the Tennis Court Oath and started challenging the absolute monarchy in France; the French Revolution would soon follow. Also, during that time there was a huge economic depression. Manufacturing and trade were at their all-time low leaving many people jobless. Likewise, in agriculture, years of poor harvests caused increases in food prices. There was an increased demand for food, but there was a smaller supply resulting in increased prices. With higher food prices and lower incomes, the people of France were facing many hardships. Bread, the staple food of France, was nearly unaffordable to the majority of the people at the time, peasants (Document 1). Basic necessities, such as food and clothing, became difficult to obtain. By 1789, many people in France were hungry and jobless. As a result, there was growing discontent among the French people against the king and the government for allowing
Open Document