Essay on Cave and Apology

1789 WordsMay 23, 20068 Pages
Socrates was a philosophical man who lived his life asking prying question in order to guide others to the truth. This manner along with his knowledge and other traits led him to be put on trial for failing to recognize the gods represented by the state, creating new gods, and corrupting Athens' youth. Soon after the trail, Plato wrote an account of the speech that Socrates used to defend himself, titled The Apology. In order to clarify the ideas communicated in The Apology, Plato, a close friend of Socrates, took the liberty of creating a dialogue between his brother, Glaucon, and Socrates. This dialogue found in The Republic, is known as The Cave Analogy, further explained the reasoning behind Socrates' beliefs and actions. Overall,…show more content…
Although these poets believed they could speak on all subjects, they proved to be completely incapable. Socrates concluded that was the issue with all these men, they did possess immense wisdom regarding their craft, but wrongly believed that they were able to speak intelligently on other matters that they in reality knew nothing about. Socrates says, "I found that those who had the highest reputation were nearly the most deficient, while those who were thought to be inferior were more knowledgeable" (Plato, The Apology, 22a). He avowed that he would rather be aware of the fact that he knows nothing, as opposed to being confident about an artificial sense of wisdom and realized that the knowledge of your own level of wisdom is great wisdom in itself. Realizing the oracle was correct in his assessment of his great wisdom, Socrates recognized he had a duty to perform. In order to take advantage of his wisdom to the full extent, Socrates deemed it his responsibility to spread this wisdom. He achieved this by questioning men who considered themselves wise and ultimately exposed their ignorance. However, Socrates explained, that his questioning was not well accepted, "I acquired much unpopularity, of a kind that is hard to deal with and is a heavy burden; many slanders came from these people and a reputation for wisdom, for in each case the
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