Cell Cells And Adult Stem Cells Essay

889 WordsNov 24, 20154 Pages
Introduction Stem cells have the potential to differentiate into other cells or divide to produce more stem cells. There are two main types: pluripotent stem cells and adult stem cells. The adult stem cells only produce certain types of cells and are categorised as multipotent. In contrast, pluripotent stem cells have the ability to differentiate into any body cell (Stemcellfoundation.net.au, 2015); for example embryonic stem cells were first identified by Martin Evans in 1981 at The University of Cambridge (New Scientist, 2015). The properties of embryonic stem cells make them useful for research and they have the potential to treat certain conditions. However, there are some potential risks associated with the use of such cells, for example, they possess some traits similar to cancer cells, therefore, they have been considered to contribute to the risk of tumour formation; and they are able to trigger an unwanted immune response. That said, research can be carried out to find a way around these potential risks (Master, McLeod and Mendez, 2007). Body The traits of stem cells enable a wide range of research to be carried out. Likewise, studies on embryonic stem cells can help with the understanding of human development. Some conditions occur due to problems with the process of differentiation, thus research of stem cells can help understand the problem and come up with a possible solution (Explorestemcells.co.uk, 2014). For instance, the research of stem cell
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