Cell Lab Report

1076 WordsFeb 2, 20145 Pages
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIVING CELLS Name Answer the following questions as you work your way through the lab material typing in your answers. Then submit your completed lab report through the “Assignment” feature. This lab report is worth 50 points towards your final lab grade. Also, per the Honor Code, this work must be your own. CELLS Using your Biology Textbook answer the following questions. 1. What types of organisms are Prokaryotes? The Prokaryotes are organisms that are single-celled, and their DNA is not confined to a nucleus and do not have membrane bounded organelles. There are two domains of Prokaryotes, Bacteria and Archaea. 2. What types of organisms are Eukaryotes? Eukaryotes can be single-celled or…show more content…
27. nucleolus: Produces ribosomes for therough endoplasmic recticulum. 28. centriole:Plants so not have centrioles. 29. golgi: Membrane bound structure with a single membrane, important for packaging macromolecules for transport. 30. lysosome: Uncommon in plants, contain hydrolytic enzymes for intracellular digestion. 31. peroxisome: Convert fatty acids to sugar and assist in chloroplasts in photorespiration. 32. cell membrane: Every cell enclosed in a membrane, proteins present for odors, tastes and hormones and controlled entry and exit for ions. 33. cell wall: Rigid protective wall made up of polysaccharides. Maintains shape of the cell and serves as a barrier. 34. smooth endoplasmic reticulum: A continuation of the outer membrane and aids in lipid and steroid hormone synthesis, breakdown of lipid soluble toxins, and control calcium release. 35. rough endoplasmic reticulum: Proteins are synthesized and collected for transport throughout the cell. 36. cytoskeleton: Helps maintain the cell shape and aid in motility. 37. chloroplast: Contain the plants cell’s chlorophyll responsible for the green color. COMPARISON OF PLANT AND ANIMAL CELLS http://waynesword.palomar.edu/lmexer1a.htm#a Go to this website and answer the following question. List 5 major differences between animal and plant cells. 38. Plant cells have chloroplast. 39. Cell Wall in plants. 40.Large Central Vacuole in plants. 41.Amyloplast in plants. 42. Centrioles in

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