Leukemia is a cancer of blood cells, specifically white blood cells that are responsible for fighting infection. However, the abnormal cells in leukemia do not function in the same way as normal white blood cells. Leukemia cells continue to grow and divide, eventually crowding out normal blood cells. The end result is that it becomes difficult for the body to fight infections, control bleeding and transport oxygen (Medicine Net, 2015). It is estimated that each year, approximately 30,800 individuals will be diagnosed with leukemia in the United
II. However, that means that one in 300 children will battle this disease in their lifetime.
"I think this marks the beginning of a new era for stem cell research," Robert Lanza, the company's chief scientific officer, wrote in an email. "After a decade of intense controversy, the field is finally ready to prove itself--and to actually start helping patients suffering from a range of horrific diseases. It also shows the new readiness of the FDA to work with researchers to move exciting new stem cell therapies out of the laboratory and into the clinic." Later this month they plan on cluding and gathering the result of the
Seattle Genetics is a Washington-based biotech company that's working diligently to develop targeted ADC cancer cures. The company has already
Leukemia is a type of cancer that sadly causes around 25,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. The area that it affects is the blood and the bone marrow and like most or all of the types of cancer in the world if not taken control of early it will most likely kill you.
Stem cell therapies are not new to the public. Hospitals have been doing bone marrow stem cell transplants for medical treatments. When scientists in 1998 found out they could remove stem cells from human embryos, some people liked the newly
In conclusion to my research about acute lymphoblastic leukemia, I discovered many interesting facts about this disease. The first fact that I discovered about this disease is how rapidly blood cells form. I also learned the many different symptoms this disease can cause, such as enlarge abdomen region. Finally I learned that you could diagnosed leukemia through X-rays and CT scans. With these advancements in technology it will be the guide to a cure, and future generations will no longer fear the word
They have currently found a way to make treatments less toxic and harmful to the children but still making it effective to use. According to a study completed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology it showed that the amount of childhood deaths due to cancer was down 6.4% from 1970 to 1994. This study had tested approximately 34,000 patients that had survived their original cancers and had lived a total of five years after treatment had ended. The study also looked at these patients to see how heavily the cancer weighed on their lives. This being the treatments that they had previously received during their childhood and how they had been effected for the time after the cancer was gone. The patients in this study were shown not to have died because of their cancer coming back, heart or lung problems, or even developing another cancer because of the treatments that had received while treating their cancers
Overall, however, childhood leukemia is a rare disease. About 3 out of 4 leukemia among children and teens are Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. Most of the remaining cases are Myelogenous Leukemia. ALL is most common in early childhood, peaking between 2 and 4 years of age. Cases of AML are more spread out across the childhood years, but this type of Leukemia is slightly more common during the first 2 years of life and during the teenage years. ALL is slightly more common among Hispanic and white children than among African-American and Asian-American children, and it is more common in boys than in girls. Chronic Leukemia is rare in children, though. Most of these are Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, which tends to occur more in teens than in younger children. Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia usually occurs in young children, with an average age of about 2. But digressing to Acute Myeloid Leukemia, the overall 5-year survival rate for children with AML has increased over time, and is now in the range of 60% to 70%. However, survival rates vary depending on the subtype of AML and other factors. For example, most studies suggest that the cure rate for acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL), a subtype of AML, is now higher than 80%, but rates are lower for some other subtypes of AML. Unfortunately, accurate survival rates for less common forms of childhood leukemia
It was discovered in the early 1800s by French physician Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laënnec. He talked about the disease in one of his lectures in 1804 and in his journal in 1806. The journal, with his views and findings about the disease, was published. The name melanoma was given to skin cancer by him as
Scientist like Sidney Farber was trying to cure children with acute leukemia. Farber was trying to cure acute undifferentiated leukemia with aminopterin. His observations led to the use of chemotherapeutic agents to treat childhood and adult cancers. Another doctor who launched a great launch to curing cancer was Emil Frei and Emil Freireich. They performed the VAMP trial. This was a four drug protocol that provide combination chemotherapy in an effort to provide a better treatment for cancer.
But first, let us talk about the discovery of cells and the cell theory. Robert Hooke, an english scientist, was the man who first discovered the cell in 1665, proof being a book he released at that time called Micrographia. In this book, Hooke gave 60 observations of random objects under a compound microscope with a magnification of 30x. Because of this, he was not able to see the internal structures in the cell, like nuclei and vacuoles, and what he proclaimed to be cells were just empty cell walls of plant tissues. He shared his observations with The English Royal Society, until they started receiving letters from a scientist named Anton van Leeuwenhoek. The letters stated that Anton made use of a microscope containing improved lenses that magnified objects up to 275x, enough to identify the living parts of a cell. He kept on sending
A. In 1676 Leeuwenhoek saw tiny organisms in water, he was the first man to observe and describe bacteria accurately. He discovered microscopic nematodes, blood cells and sperm. He also made over 500 microscopes to view specific objects.