Centers For Disease Control And Prevention

2113 WordsDec 12, 20169 Pages
Situs Inversus According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention there are approximately three million babies born in the United States each year (Martin et al.). While there is always risk that a baby could have any number of health conditions, one rarely occurring condition is situs inversus. “Situs” refers to the position of an organ, with situs solitus being the ordinary arrangement of organs (Dictionary). Situs inversus is when the organs in the chest and abdomen are mirrored, or opposite, of where their ordinary location should be. This is a unique genetic condition that affects 1 in 10,000 babies born each year (“15 Incredible Situs Inversus Statistics”). While situs inversus is the general term used, there are three subtypes of the condition that can occur: dextrocardia, levocardia and ambiguous. The two main subtypes of situs inversus are dextrocardia and levocardia, with the third subtype being situs ambiguous. The differences between the two main subtypes are based on the position of the heart. If the heart is still on the left side yet the rest of the organs are flipped, it is considered situs inversus with levocardia. However, if the heart is on the right side instead of the left, along with the rest of the organs being flipped, it is considered situs inversus with dextrocardia, also known as situs inversus totalis, or a ‘true mirror image’. Of the two, levocardia is the most rare, with an occurrence rate of only 1 in 22,000 births (“15 Incredible
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