Central America ' S Child Migrants : A Humanitarian Crisis

2820 Words Dec 9th, 2014 12 Pages

Policy Position & Analysis

Chris Prince
Policy Evaluation PUP 4003
Dr. Natasha Christie
December 9, 2014
According to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the number of unaccompanied children (UAC’s) apprehended crossing the border into the United States has increased from fewer than 20,000 in 2011 to over 66,000 as of August 2014, with a projected total of 77,200 by the end of the fiscal year (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 2014). The large majority of UAC’s migrate from Central America, namely El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (50,303 in total) (USCBP, 2014). The policy response to the recent surge of UAC’s has been inadequate, and highly politicized; furthermore, many of the factors driving migration are results of past policy failures of the U.S. in regard to immigration and foreign policy. There are already existing policies, asylum and the like, that if funded and implemented appropriately, would alleviate serious needs of thousands of children currently fleeing to the U.S. The systematic evaluation that follows intends to highlight historical context and effective policy approaches. Central America has now become the most violent region in the world; the present situation has been described by a recent United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees report as a humanitarian crisis (2014).Rampant gang activity and powerful drug cartels, formerly of Mexico but shifting…
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