Central Nervous System

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The central nervous system can be compared to the air traffic control tower of a large international airport. Just as this main tower directs and controls all incoming and outgoing flights. The central nervous system is the control center of our body, it sends information out and interprets things our body senses. Regulating, controlling and coordinating incoming and outgoing impulses, thoughts, and feelings via nerves. Functionally, the nervous system can be divided into the central nervous system (controls in-bound and out-bound neural impulses), and peripheral nervous system (connects the CNS with the peripheral parts of the body). The PNS can be divided into subdivisions of the somatic nervous system (deals with the parts of the…show more content…
The structure of the brain can be divided into three parts; cerebrum (the brain divided into two parts called the “cerebral hemispheres”, cerebellum (occupies the posterior fossa and separated by fissures), and the brainstem (a vertical stalk that ends at the opening of the foramen magnum and continues as the spinal cord). Brain functions or activity is how a doctor can determine clinically one’s death or ability to perform daily tasks based on sensory and reflex testing. (Saladin, K. p. 512-514). Some diseases or disorders associated with the brain can range from infections, trauma, or degenerative occurrences’. One of the most serious disease of infancy and childhood is Meningitis that is caused by infection. Meningitis invades the CNS via the eyes, ears, nose, or throat causing swelling of the brain, hemorrhage, and sometimes death. Symptoms include high fevers, stiff neck, intense headaches, drowsiness, and vomiting. Depending on the severity of diagnosis of meningitis by evaluation of CSF fluid is how treatment is determined. Mild viral meningitis can be resolved with hydration, rest, and pain medications. More severe cases of viral or bacterial meningitis may require hospitalization with antibiotics and oxygen treatments with close supervision of medical staff. Traumatic injuries of the brain include vascular disorders. A stroke (CVA), transient ischemic attack (TIA),

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