Central Nervous System Stimulant: Ritalin Essay

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Ritalin is a brand name for methylphenidate. Ritalin is a mild central nervous system stimulant that doctors prescribe to treat several disorders. The most common use of Ritalin is for the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Another known use of Ritalin is in the treatment of Narcolepsy. A doctor might also prescribe it to treat depression. Ritalin and other drugs in the stimulant class, work by increasing the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the brain. Ritalin has been tested and proven safe to use in children ages six and older. The most popular use of Ritalin is in the treatment of Attention-deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), which can affect…show more content…
Other forms of treatment include therapy and education. There is no cure for ADHD but the medications such as Ritalin seem to keep the symptoms at bay as long as it is being taken. It is imperative that the patient be evaluated regularly by a doctor so that the medication can be adjusted accordingly. Children with ADHD can learn to deal with the symptoms of attention-deficit around puberty, the symptoms may not necessarily disappear, but a child can learn to function without being medicated. The same applies for Attention Deficient Disorder. It is treated in the same manner as ADHD. A child that has ADD has all the same symptoms of ADHD minus the hyperactivity. The criteria for ADHD in accordance with the DSM-V are very strict. Three subtypes have to be taken into consideration. “Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and is more severe than is typically observed in individuals at comparable level of development.….with at least six of the symptoms associated with inattention and they have to have persisted for at least six months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level:….along with at least six of the symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have persisted for at least six months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level: or games)….along with some hyperactive-impulsive or inattentive symptoms must have been present before age 7
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