Central Policing And The Broken Windows Theory

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I. INTRODUCTION The decline of crime that has been the subject of a touchy debate is the order and the care policing and the broken windows theory. The central policing tactic in New York since the 1990s has been the violent prohibition of citizens through street encounters in the search for weapons or drugs. Research showed that minority citizens in the 1990s were unreasonably stopped, frisked and searched at rates significantly higher than would be predicted by their race-specific crime rates, and that this excess enforcement was explained by the social structure of mainly smaller neighborhoods rather than by either their disorder or their crime rates. In the decade since the first study, stop rates have increased by 500 percent while…show more content…
The likelihood of police stops for young adults by race and ethnicity, shows the unusual attention of stops of minorities. Absent reliable evidence that these tactics are either efficient or effective crime reduction measures, the excess stops was to reorganize supervision distress, such as production and management or intelligence gathering, at the expense of the City’s minority citizens. The racial-spatial concentration of excess stop activity threatens to weaken police acceptability and lessen the societal good of policing, while doing little to decease crime or disorder.” (Fagan, pp. 81-126) II. BROKEN WINDOWS REVISTED “Overall, the broken windows theory did not support the theory that disorder directly causes crime. First of all, it is true that where violence was high, the levels of disorder detected and the relationship was not strong. Second, the level of disorder varied strongly with neighborhood structural characteristics, poverty being among them. Once these characteristics and collective efficacy were taken into account, the connection between disorder and crime vanished in most instances. Homicide, arguably one of the best measures of violence, was among the offenses for which there was no direct relationship with disorder.” (Sampson and Raudenbush, pg. 8) The implication is that disorder and crime have similar roots. The forces that generate disorder also generate crime. It is
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