Central Policing And The Broken Windows Theory

1263 Words Feb 1st, 2016 6 Pages
I. INTRODUCTION The decline of crime that has been the subject of a touchy debate is the order and the care policing and the broken windows theory. The central policing tactic in New York since the 1990s has been the violent prohibition of citizens through street encounters in the search for weapons or drugs. Research showed that minority citizens in the 1990s were unreasonably stopped, frisked and searched at rates significantly higher than would be predicted by their race-specific crime rates, and that this excess enforcement was explained by the social structure of mainly smaller neighborhoods rather than by either their disorder or their crime rates. In the decade since the first study, stop rates have increased by 500 percent while crime rates have remained low and stable. “An update of extended research on order maintenance policing in New York City to explain temporal and spatial patterns of police stops of citizens from 1999, 2003 and 2006 was done. Stop rates were estimated by neighborhood as a function of local crime rates, neighborhood demography and social structure, and physical disorder, including direct measures of broken windows. The sharp increase in stop activity since 1999, is concentrated in mostly poor and smaller neighborhoods, and that these stops continue to be more closely tied to demographic and socioeconomic conditions than to disorder or crime. The effectiveness of stops in producing arrests has declined over a decade as stops have increased, and…
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