Cerebrovascular Accident : The And Haemorrhagic Stroke

1564 Words Apr 24th, 2015 7 Pages
Cerebrovascular Accident: Ischaemic & Haemorrhagic Stroke
A CVA occurs when a part of the brain is damaged or destroyed due to an interruption of blood flow to the area resulting in brain cell death (Martini, Nath & Bartholomew 2015 pp. 496-470).There are two main types of a CVA, Ischaemic stroke and Haemorrhagic stroke (AIHW 2013). The most common cause of stroke is ischaemic, which can be caused by embolism/thrombosis (AIHW 2013). An embolism/thrombosis occurs when there is a clot in an artery or vein, which stops blood flow to the brain (AIHW 2013). A haemorrhagic stroke is when an artery ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding brain tissue (AIHW 2013). This form of stroke occurs when blood pools and forms a clot therefore putting pressure on the area of the brain depriving it of oxygen and nutrients it needs to remain healthy (AIHW 2013).

Lastly, Ischaemic stroke is fatal in one third of cases, making it the third most common cause of death in developed counties (Nedeltchev & Mattle 2014, pp. 124-129). Among the survivors of stroke, at least half are permanently disabled, making stroke a major cause of long-term physical, cognitive, emotional, and social disability (Redfern, Mckevitt & Wolfe 2006, pp. 123-141). However, there has been a reduction in stroke deaths over the last ten years due to an increase in public awareness through programs and education around reducing risk factors for stroke (AIHW 2013). These programs targeted specific causes, such as; smoking,…
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