Chain of Infection

1762 WordsJul 2, 20128 Pages
Infection, as defined by Encyclopedia Britannica (2011), is the invasion and multiplication of different pathogenic microorganisms in the body-such as fungi, bacteria and viruses- the body’s reaction to it and the defense mechanisms it activates to counter these pathogens or the toxins they produce. Infections can range from simple to complex ones that can be fatal or debilitating, but because of the continuous researches and studies to protect the human race, antibiotics were discovered. Antibiotics inhibit the release of toxins of these microorganisms or simply fight against them to eliminate the harmful effects they bring about. Luckily, before one can resort to the use of antibiotics that can also have side effects on the body, there…show more content…
MRSA can also survive in inanimate objects such as stethoscopes and surfaces such as floors and benches for extended periods, especially in hospitals where there are inadequate infection control measures and in communities too, where there is lack of cleanliness. How can it be transmitted? MRSA isolates can be shed or exits the body via droplets from the tubes connected to a person colonized or infected. It can be from a tracheostomy tube or bladder catheters or just via breathing, coughing or sneezing. One can also extract it from any body fluid from the site of infection (e.g. pus from pimple or severe skin infection). Transmission can easily occur through direct contact with a person colonized or infected. If a person has an active MRSA infection and presents a sore as a symptom, and a person comes in contact with it, an infection can occur when the hands that came in contact with the said sore touches an opening or cut in the skin. That is how easy transmission can occur, that’s why keeping the skin intact is very essential. Colonization, however, does not need an opening in the skin. One can be colonized through touching of contaminated surfaces or objects, breathing in of droplets expelled from suctioning, normal breathing, coughing or sneezing, or by simply touching the skin of a colonized or infected person (Schoenstadt, 2008). Schoenstadt also cited that up to seven percent of people in hospitals and up to two percent of people in the community

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