Challenges Facing Export of Horticultural Products in Kenya

1842 Words Oct 24th, 2012 8 Pages
Introduction
Horticultural deals in growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers while horticultural commodities have been growing in Kenya since 1950`s, the government only began to allocate resources for research and export promotion in late 1960`s. as a result of the government encouragement the volume of horticultural exports from Kenya rose almost 25 fold between 1968-1986, becoming a major source of foreign exchange.
The horticultural export sector has experienced rapid growth since 1966 because of the active role by the private sector and minimum government intervention. The European Union is the larges consumer of Kenya horticultural exports Kenya horticultural export to the European Union accounted for 45 percent of the total export
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This barriers to horticultural export can also be categorized into tariff and non- tariff barriers

Formal barriers encompass the following:
1) Custom duties and other import charges-It represent some of the boarder measures used to prevent imports. These are form of taxes on imports which have the effect of making imported commodities more expensive than domestically produced commodities. As a result horticultural exports from Kenya are rendered more expensive in the European Union market. Quantitative restrictions in the form of import quotas are another form of boarder measures that are used to circumvent imports thus protects local producers or industries. Such measures are used when local production does not meet demand
2) Anti-dumping countervailing restrictions-this measure prevents poor quality and cheap commodities from entering the European Union. There are cases when some commodities can be branded poor quality using a hastily developed criterion for the sake of keeping them out of the EU market. This can be therefore be used as a means of keeping some horticultural imports out of the EU market.
3) Standard testing and certification rules-In the EU this has remained a major obstacle to horticultural exports. With European market becoming environmental conscious the standard testing and certification procedures are
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