Challenges Facing Real World Problems

903 WordsApr 18, 20164 Pages
According to Sanders and Hall (2015), utilizing interdisciplinary approaches to solve real-world problems in a non-reductionist way, while still producing knowledge and research is accountable science. Anthropologists can use this approach to document the vulnerabilities, resilience, and adaptive capabilities of indigenous populations in “order to develop policies to help them” (Sanders and Hall, 2015:440). Furthermore, this approach emphasizes the importance of encouraging the non-academic stakeholders to engage in research, which should be conducted with and/or for them. Combining this accountable science method with a cognitive/perceptual approach proposed by Crate (2008) can be effective in understanding how people are aware of their surroundings and recognize their issues. Therefore, adding the concepts of vulnerability, adaptation, and resilience into the mix will allow anthropologists to better understand the complexities of how people manage risk and adapt to socio-cultural and ecological change. Vulnerability is a socio-cultural construct that measures a populations’ susceptibility to risk. This is a complex concept because it encompasses an interlink between social, environmental, cultural, political, and economic components, which can make vulnerability difficult to define. Nevertheless, this idea of vulnerability is helpful for anthropologists because it can aid them in identifying populations who would more vulnerable or most affected to a hazardous impact. For
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