Changes Brought on By the Renaissance Period Essay

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16th century Europe was a time of religious and social change. It was a time of new art, architecture, and literature through the Renaissance and new discoveries through the scientific revolution. The 16th century also brought about great change in religion through the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The Protestant Reformation and Catholic Reformation of the 16th century greatly changed individual freedoms, individual liberties, and the influence of religion. The start of the Protestant Reformation came when Martin Luther posted his 95 Thesis on the doors of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. (Encyclopædia Britannica “Reformation”) Luther believed the Catholic Church was corrupt, citing the indulgences as a main example. In…show more content…
(Kreis, Steven. "Lecture 4") The people of the 16th century were starting to think for themselves and, along with questioning the authority in the church, were starting to question reason and governments through revolutions. In response to the Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Church began a campaign, known as the Catholic Reformation, to gain back members of the church and dissuade from the Protestant Reformation. From 1545 to 1563 the Council of Trent, a group of Catholic Church officials, met to discuss the wrongdoings of the Catholic Church and the ways it could be reformed. (Encyclopædia Britannica “Counter-Reformation”) A group known as Jesuits traveled across Europe to help renew the membership of the Catholic Church, later leading to the missionary practices that spread Catholicism across the world. (Wood 264) The Thirty Years’ War in Germany during the early 17th century brought about the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, which allowed for regions to choose their own religion. (Wood 264) The result of the Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation and the religious wars that followed was an increase in religious practices and religious diversity throughout Europe and much of the World. The Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Reformation brought about great change for the social order of 16th century Europe. During the age of new inventions and ideas, Martin Luther was able
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