Changes Due to English Evolution Affect Integrity of the Bible

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Catholic leaders had control of the Holy Bible without many recorded challenges for more than one thousand years, according to several historical documents. Church authorities told church members they could neither read nor interpret the text themselves. The principles clergy taught in church were what churchgoers often believed. Eventually, a high-ranking German monk named Martin Luther challenged church officials in the 16th century and began reading and interpreting the Scriptures. As he studied the Bible, he found many faults in the Catholic Church’s teachings and believed everyone should have an opportunity to read the Bible himself or herself and determine what the Bible meant. During this Protestant Reformation period, many churches…show more content…
There are some valid reasons for updating the words and sentence structure of the Bible’s text, but there are also reasons to leave the passages as close to their original meaning and syntax as possible. Hillel Halkin, in his article Doing Justice to the Bible, writes that new translations were “driven by two motivating forces. [First, there was a] desire to apply to Bible translation the new philosophical, archaeological, and historical knowledge that modern scholarship had made available. [Second, scholars wanted] to adopt a freer approach to a Hebrew and Greek text no longer considered the revealed truth but rather, in the spirit of the 20th century, a great cultural and spiritual document composed by different authors in different periods and best approached with the flexibility that any good literary translation should have” (55). While these two proposals seem like a good idea for most manuscripts, the Bible is not just another book. Those of the Christian faith often acknowledge the Bible as a sacred book inspired directly by God. In Hebrews 4:12 of the New International Version of the Bible, the collection of books describes itself as “living and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, dividing joints and marrow; it judges the attitudes and thoughts of the heart.” The Bible has become so influential that it became the first book translated into more than one language, and it has been
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