Essay about Changes in Child Socialization

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Changes in Child Socialization The socialization of children has changed during the past century. According to Shepard 2001, child socialization is defined as a close interaction with a small number of people-none of whom the child has selected-where the child learned to think and speak, internalizes norms, beliefs, and values; forms some basic attitudes; develops a capacity (or incapacity) for intimate and personal relationships; and acquires a self-image. In the past, a child may have learned to be social through relationships at home, at school and at church. Today, a child learns socialization through relationships in many different situations. In 1900, twenty percent of women in the United States had full-time jobs outside the…show more content…
Mothers may have more pressures at their workplaces, and will delegate some of the roles that were done solely by them in the past. Children may have a more balanced relationship with their parents if both take an active part in their children's lives. Not only have the roles of parents changed a child's socialization, but the types of families as well. With an increase in divorces, parents and children have to adapt to many different kinds of living situations, such as single parent homes, shared custody and blended families. Non-traditional homes are becoming the norm and this has a large impact on how a child is socialized. Children may now spend more time alone than ever before. When a child comes home from school, he or she may have time to fill before a parent comes home from work. A child who is home alone may fill his or her time on the computer or watching television. Television and the Internet can be a huge element in a child's socialization. What a child sees on television or what a child does on the Internet can be either helpful or detrimental, depending upon how well a child is monitored. If a parent needs a little free time at home, they may be inclined to pop a video in the vcr. Rather than learning socialization with people, a child may sometimes learn by watching a monitor or screen. Children used to learn socialization through their neighborhood peers. This can still
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