Essay about Changes in China’s Ethnic Minorities

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China is a Han-dominant multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-cultural nation. China’s present government recognizes 56 official ethnic groups. Han is the majority group. The rest of the 55 are minorities, which are eligible for special policies such as subsidies for certain food, special consideration in national college entrance exams, and much more lenient birth control policies. According to the latest state census in 2010, 91.51% of the population was of the Han nationality, down slightly from 94% in 1953. Ethnic minorities accounted 8.49% of the population in China, up from 6% in 1953. The growth of ethnic minorities both in numbers and in proportion to the Han majority is largely due to the favorable birth control policies.…show more content…
The majority of ethnic minorities reside in the border area. Like many other regions in the world, China has been facing the delicate challenge to balance between national unity and ethnic minorities’ autonomy ever since China was united by Qing Shi Huang. Government wants to enjoy the advantages of multi-ethnic society, but there is always a possibility that ethnic minorities and their international contacts might pose a threat to the government. There are many heated emotive political issues such as Tibet and Xinjiang, which often make headline worldwide, in contemporary China. Today, we are going to look at issues related to languages today. It’s well known that language carries any particular group’s culture and history. Without their language, the history and culture cannot be inherited and carried on. Thus the issues of language often become very sensitive and emotional among ethnic minorities. Minority people want the right to preserve their language and culture. Language is also instrumental to help people communicate with others. There are over 80 languages used among ethnic minorities. Some use Mandarin Chinese as their mother tongue, such as Manchu; some use their own languages and writing system, and some use their own spoken language but use the same writing system as Mandarin Chinese. Ever since the Communist Party took over China, the Chinese
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