Changes in Technology and Changes in the Housing Design Architecture

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According to Bemis (1936) “A new conception of the structure of our modern houses is needed, better adapted not only to the social conditions of our day but also to the modern means of production: factories, machinery, technology and research”. Albert Bemis, US housing manufacturer in the early twentieth century has a vested interest in using technology to advance new concepts in the design of houses. Nevertheless he points to the important relationship of the use of technology in the structural design of housing. However, it is difficult to estimate how far changes in technology were responsible for changes in the design of housing as much of the evidence that has been sourced argues that the social, political and economic environments…show more content…
In this essay it will be demonstrated that these elements unified with technology to create change which impacted on changes in the design of housing. Urban Concepts Man’s primary need has always been housing as shelter from the elements. Originally mud huts were built where hunters were able to find animals for food and then more permanent dwellings were built, using local materials, as the economy changed to agriculture. Later as populations grew so different environments emerged with significant change in the urban form and fabric of settlements. Housing was determined not only by available materials but also the cost of getting them to the place of construction. Different places had different availability of materials and labour which shaped the design of housing. Each technology therefore had an impact and was a common thread unifying changes in housing in Athens, Paris and Chicago. From this it can be seen that innovative technology continues to advance and cause significant social change that is, ‘certain urban characteristics flow inevitably from new technologies’ (Chant 1999). By the fifth century the Greeks were distinguished by their art which concentrated on the human form and architecture based on thought, order, rationale, proportion and space, and new intellectual
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