Changes in the Land Essay

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Reading Worksheet William Cronon, Changes in the Land History 2110 Indians 1. How did the Indians occupy the land? The northern Indians occupied the land much differently from those who lived in the south. The land was drier in the north, and the soil not as fertile, so agriculture was not a main source of subsistence. All Indians relied greatly on mobility throughout the seasons for survival. Those in the south were able to stay in one place for longer however because of the fertility of the soil and its ability to sustain agricultural needs. The women were mostly in charge of these needs, along with starting fires, making mats for wigwams, and caring for children. The fires, which were also more popular in the south,…show more content…
However at first, many communities only produced a small margin of surplus beyond their own needs. 2. How did their “occupation” influence the natural development of the landscape? With the absence of the great Indian population following the spread of English old world diseases through the fur trade, the landscape changed drastically. Ironically, the English jumped on the opportunity to claim new land following each epidemic. Freed from the annual burnings, and soon to be subject an entirely different agricultural regime, the land began to change. The regrowth of forest claimed some land unuseful altogether and difficult to travel through. Without the fires, strawberries and raspberries would not return in such abundance, the edge-effect was gone, and as a result, animal populations were in decline. 3. Did the European Colonists have a concept of land ownership? If so, what was it? What did it mean to own the land for a European Colonist? To define property is thus to represent boundaries between people, equally, it is to articulate at least one set of conscious ecological boundaries between people and things. The property relation is triadic: ‘A owns B against C’, where C represents all other individuals. Yes, European colonists have a strong concept of land ownership. They believed that there exists two ways of owning land, one natural, and one
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