Changes to Criminal Justice System

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There have been a number of changes within the legal and criminal justice system in the last 3-4 decades. History remembers, for example, the Kent State and Chicago Democratic Convention riots in 1968, and since then, a number of criminologists and political scientists have been asked about the use of force, rights-based policing, community involvement, and crime prevention (Russell 2005). The Red Cross and Amnesty International, for instance, have endorsed a rights-based policing model. This idea tempers all police activity with the basic tenet of human rights and rights under the Constitution. Central to this argument is the nature of the relationship between the community and the Criminal Justice System. Local law enforcement bond with community members to implement the day-to-day needs of that community. The idea centers around a basic philosophical tenet: use less force, communicate more, pay attention to human rights, and work to dialog and prevent, not to punish and incarcerate (Williamson 2008). However, as urban society evolved technologically and socially, so did criminal activity. Budgets are a constant issue with the modern police force, and typically there are not enough officers in major urban areas to adequately engage in the mission statements of their respective organizations. In fact, according to an article in the New York Times, police violence, a so-called "cowboy mentality" runs rampant in many jurisdictions. Due to staff shortages and schedules,
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