Chap 15: Europe Transformed- Reform and State Building

1520 WordsOct 1, 20147 Pages
1. Martin Luther- defended the monk against heresy and set the stage for a serious challenge to the authority of the Catholic Church, in which by no means was the first crisis in church's 1500 year history. 2. 14th century- severe economic reversals and social upheavals 3. 15th century- Renaissance: a revival of arts and letters 4. 16th century- Reformation: religious renaissance 5. Absolutism (absolute monarchy)- most evident during the reign of Louis XVI 6. 17th century - absolute and limited monarchy were the poles of state building 7. What were the main tenets of Lutheranism and Calvinism? How did they differ from each other and from Catholicism? 8. Protestant Reformation- religious movement that divided the western…show more content…
He succeeded in making Geneva the vibrant city center for Protestantism. It also stood as the fortress during the Reformation. * The English Reformation was rooted in politics, not religion. King Henry and Catherine has a daughter named Mary. King Henry wanted to marry Anne and he went to the church in England to get an annulment for his marriage. He died later and was succeeded by his sickly son Edward. During his reign, Archbishop Cranmer and others inclined towards Protestant. He was then succeeded by Mary who was a Catholic. She wanted to return England to Catholicism. Her actions aroused much anger. By the end of her reign, England was more Protestants than it was in the beginning. 16. The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation * To Calvin and Luther, women function is to please her husband and bear children. This role of women was part of the divine plan. The Protestant Reformation did not noticeably alter women's subordinate place in society. 17. The Catholic Reformation * Catholic Church underwent a revitalization in the 16th century that gave it new strength * Counter Reformation (focus on the aspects that were a direct reaction against the Protestant movement) vs. Catholic Reformation (the elements of reform were already present in the Catholic Church) * Society of Jesus/ Jesuits- founded by Ignatius of Loyola. It is grounded on the principle of absolute obedience to the papacy, a strict hierarchial order
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